TR | EN | ES | AR | FA

The other name of the Bosphorus: Bosporos, meaning… >>>

If Istanbul’s Bosphorus is covered with ice…  … >>>

The secret of golden horn is hidden in… >>>

The old resident of Bosphorus: 314 years old… >>>

About Bosphorus

The other name of the Bosphorus: Bosporos, meaning the gateway of calves… 

 One of the countless legends about Istanbul concerns the Gateway of Calves.   Legend has it that Zeus cheats his wife, Hera, with a young girl named Io.  Hera eventually finds out about this.  Zeus turns Io into a calf for keeping her out of harm's way and takes her towards the Silahtarağa Hills around Eyüp.  And since Io has crossed the bosphorus in the form of a small calf, the bosphorus is called as the Gateway of Calves as a result.

If Istanbul’s Bosphorus is covered with ice…  

The newspapers dated 23 February 1954 told about the Istanbulites’ treacherous challenge on the highways posed by snow.  The challenge, however, didn’t just stop there.  The Istanbulites faced with huge ice masses floating on the bosphorus when they woke up on the morning of February, 24th.  
They soon learned that the ice masses broke off from the Danube River and ended up in Istanbul, having traveled all the way from the Black Sea.  Having initially blocked the entrance of the Bosphorus, the ice masses filled the Tarabya Bay on the same day and then moved towards Kanlıca Anatolian Fortress and Kandilli shores at around midnight.  
Navigation services were cancelled.  Having grown in size by the day, the ice masses got so thick that people could walk on them.  Although walking on the ice was prohibited, some brave Istanbulites nevertheless had their photos taken while standing on them, witnessing such an interesting natural event at first hand.   There were even those who planted flags on them. 
The first ever freezing event in history was recoded in 401 during the Byzantine times.   It was later seen in 739, 755 and 763 and the most severe one was seen in 928 (where it took 4 months for the ice to melt away). 
In the more recent history, the same event was witnessed in the winters of 1621, 1823, 1878 and more recently in 1929 where some of those who witnessed it might still be alive.

The secret of golden horn is hidden in the Bosphorus. 

Zeus sends his young lover Io to a queen named Semestra in the Silahtarağa Hills in order to spare her from the wrath of his wife whom he cheats on.  Io gives birth to a baby girl there and names her Keras.  The Golden Horn’s name today has been originated from that baby girl named Keras (Sykirokeras, meaning the Golden Horn).  The child born out of the marriage of Keras and Poseidon, the god of seas, is Byzas, who is the founder of the Byzantine State. 

The old resident of Bosphorus: 314 years old Amcazede Hüseyin Pasha Seaside Residence. 

 The Amcazade Hüseyin Paşa Seaside Residence is the oldest seaside residence on the Bosphorus which was built in 1699.  Located on the Bosphorus a little north of the Anatolian Fortress, the seaside residence was built for the Grand Vizier Amcazade Hüseyin Paşa of the Köprülü family.  Only the divan section of the seaside residence has survived today out of the original complex which was much greater in size than what it is today.  The drafts of the Treaty of Karlowitz were signed in that seaside residence.  

Amcazade Hüseyin Pasha (Amcazade Hacı Hüseyin Pasha of the Köprülü) (b. 1644 – d. 1702) was an important Ottoman Statesman who served during the reign of Mustafa II for four years, eleven months and sixteen days between the dates 11 September 1697 and 4 September 1702. 






Sign up for our E-bulletin group membership for keeping
abreast of the latest tour deals